Analisis Kesalahan Penggunaan Bahasa dalam Rencana Akhbar AN ANALYSIS ON LANGUAGE USAGE ERRORS IN NEWSPAPER FEATURE ARTICLES

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MOHD HAZREEN SHAH HASSAN Sharil Nizam Sha’ri

Abstract

The medium that unites newspapers with its readers is correct language usage. Errors in language usage need to be minimized so that the message being conveyed is easily understood and accepted by the readers. This study was conducted to analyse the errors of language usage in newspaper feature articles, especially in terms of word choices and sentence formations by observing the criteria suggested by Waterhouse (1989). Using systematic sampling, a total of 20 newspaper feature articles in Berita Harian and Utusan Malaysia from 1 October to 30 November 2016 were studied. The results of the content analysis revealed that there were 128 errors related to the usage of language in the chosen newspaper feature articles. The errors related to sentence formation was the highest, with 60 errors, whereas the usage of synonym was the lowest, around three. Overall, the findings did not observe the criteria of an effective journalism writing, particularly in word choices and sentence formations, suggested by Waterhouse’s (1989). Poor word choices might cause ambiguity and confusion among the readers while long-winded sentences and excessive explanations might cause the reader to lose focus thus failed to understand the content of the articles.
Kata kunci:
akhbar; penulisan rencana; bahasa; pembentukan ayat; dan pemilihan kata.


 


ABSTRACT


The medium that unites newspapers with the readers is the language. Therefore, writers are advised to minimize the error of using the language in their writing; so that, the messages can be understood and accepted by the readers easily and effectively. Based on that situation, this study was conducted to discuss the error of language usage in the writing articles of newspaper, especially in terms of word selection and sentence formation based on Waterhouse (1989) perspective. The instrument consists of two Malay-language newspapers, namely Berita Harian and Utusan Malaysia which were published from October 1, 2016 until November 30, 2016. The population of the study consists of 242 articles contained in both papers. The research sample consists of 20 articles selected by using systematic sampling method and then analyzed by content analysis method. The findings shown that there are 128 errors related to the usage of language in the writing articles in newspaper. Based from the total, the error on sentence formation recorded the highest error, which are 60 errors whereas the errors for the use of synonym shown the lowest number that is three usage. The final analysis shows that the word selection which did not meet Waterhouse's (1989) recommendations would cause the reader to experience ambiguity and confusion, while long sentences formation and excessive explanations caused the reader to lose focus to form the understanding of the contents in the writing articles. Therefore, the readers have difficulty in understanding the content of the writing articles effectively.


Keywords: newspaper; article writing; language; sentence formation; and word selection.

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How to Cite
HASSAN, MOHD HAZREEN SHAH; SHA’RI, Sharil Nizam. Analisis Kesalahan Penggunaan Bahasa dalam Rencana Akhbar. Malaysian Journal of Media Studies, [S.l.], v. 21, n. 2, p. 55-71, dec. 2019. ISSN 2231-8143. Available at: <https://jpmm.um.edu.my/article/view/17938>. Date accessed: 23 jan. 2020.
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Articles